Legacies Regarding Indigenous People in Canada

Yes, I do believe that the contemporary society does have ethical responsibilities regarding the indigenous people in Canada. I believe that Canada should be partially responsible for these legacies of globalization left behind. The Canadian government did many injustices towards the indigenous people, such as inforce the Indian Act, which forbidden them from practicing their own cultures and traditions. The indigenous people were also forced to give up their lands and were sent to reserves, the Aboriginal children were sent to residential schools where they were abused and taken from their home. These schools forced the indigenous peoples to assimilate into the European ways. This treatment caused depopulation of the first Nation people, also did the European diseases brought over to Canada.  In the past Canada treated the First Nations with extreme disrespect and demonstrated Eurocentrism towards their culture. Canada was at fault for these actions, this is way Canada is partially responsible for the historical legacies regarding the indigenous. In my opinion the actions done by Canada to redress the past has met the level of responsibility needed, such as government compensation, for example $2 billion towards former residential school students. This compensation was given to 80,000 people, there were also specifications for these payments. Also formal apologies were given by Stephen Harper, and the Catholic Church also apologized for the abuse at the residential schools. There was also commissions and documents established to reinforce relationships between the Crown and the First Nations peoples and makes equal/fair ways with the crown. What has been done to apologize for the past does meet the level of responsibility that was needed. I believe that this is the only way for Canada to try and fix the mistakes made in the past, but nothing can change what happen in the past. We can not change what our ancestors did towards the indigenous people but the responsibility that the government has taken to apologize is the best way to makes amends with the First Nations people.

Rwanda Genocide

The Rwanda Genocide was truly a horrific time for the citizens living in this country, especially the Tutsi people. Te Tutsi were killed off by the Hutu people. At this time only abut 10% of the population was Tutsi and the rest was either Hutu or Twa. At first the Tutsi were put in roles of leadership and government because they had more European qualities. The Hutu people ended up killing the president of Rwanda and decide to kill off the Tutsi people to show them how they were treated. The people in Rwanda was identification cards to classify if they were a Tutsi or Hutu, the Hutu extremists would check these cards and kill all the Tutsi. The Hutu people killed and tortured over 1 million people during this time. The genocide lasted from April 6th 1994 to July 1994. Most of the killing were done with machetes or with hand weapons since bullets and guns were to expensive. After the Hutu killed them they left their corpses where they died because they weren’t allowed to be buried. The Belgian peacekeepers tried to help but were killed off in the process so they ended up withdrawing there troops. Finally ended when a RPF group took over the country, these people were military trained group of Tutsi people. Some legacies of historical globalization that fueled the Rwanda Genocide was Imperialism and Eurocentrism. These two things fueled the genocide because the Belgians took over Rwanda, before the Belgians showed up the two groups were at peace they married between groups and traded, but then they put the Tutsi people in higher roles because they had more European qualities unlike the Hutu people, this also showed Eurocentrism because they had put the Tutsi in a higher class because they believed they were more European because of there body shape, color and nose shape. This is Eurocentric because the Europeans believed they were superior, they left they more European groups were given responsibilities. The Hutu people did not think this treatment was fair so they resorted to killing the Tutsi people to show how they felt towards being treated badly before. It makes me extremely upset that the world just sat back, and watched this genocide happen. The world should have reacted differently, they should have done something to make it stop so not as many people would have been killed and tortured.

Historical Globalization in Ecuador

Before colonization Ecuador formed part of the Inca Empire. Ecuador was colonized in September of 1531, Spanish was Ecuador’s colonizing powers. After colonization Ecuador became independent in 1822 after the Spanish Royalist was defeated by Antonio Jose Surre in the Battle of Pinchincha. since Ecuador was colonized by the Spanish, 93% of the population speaks Spanish, because the Spanish are the ones who colonized this country.

The color of the flag links to the colonization because it is the same colors as Colombia’s and Venezuela’s flag, who were also colonized after the war in 1882. These three countries to make a confederation but they decide to part ways in 1830. Contains the three main colors of the banner of Gran Columbia, the South American republic.The flag had three horizontal bands, colored, yellow which represents sunshine, mineral weath and grain. Blue which represents the sky, sea and rivers. Also red which represents blood of patriots spilled in the stuggle for freedom and justice. In the center of Ecuador’s flag there is a coat of arms.The colors of the flags are yellow, blue and red, after these countries parted ways they kept the same flag. In Ecuador the type of government is a presidential  republic. In Ecuador 14 Indigenous are extinct yet there are still 7 groups of Indigenous group in the country. In Canada the population is 4% indigenous, which is a low percentage compared to the 7% of indigenous population in Ecuador. High poverty and income inequality mostly affect the Ingenious groups. There are special agreements and privileges given to the Indigenous, . In Ecuador there is three main regional languages: Andrean Spanish, Amazonic Spanish and equatorial Pacific Spanish, Even though the Spanish language has the majority of the population making it Ecuador’s official language, there are other languages spoken here for example Quecha 4.1%, Foreign languages 2.2% and indigenous languages at .7%. The three foreign languages that are most spoken here are Chinese and English. 10 languages in Ecuador are dying, one of these languages are Zapara. The main religion in Ecuador is Roman Cathlic which 74% of the population follow.  Ecuador is dependent on there petroleum resources, which has accounted for more ten half of the country’s export earnings. Other resources that are exported from Ecuador are bananas, cut flowers, shrimp, cocoa and coffee. I have learnt how much banana works get paid and it is a very low salary, has harsh working conditions where they are exposed to harmful chemicals and extreme heat. The sectors of business in Ecuador is agriculture (27.8%), industry (17.8%) and services (54.4%).

The historical globalization process isn’t very similar to any of the ones we have studied, except that in other countries the indigenous people are also treated as lower class then the majority of the population.

 

Family Holidays

Family Holidays

Traditions

Some family traditions that my family does every Christmas is on Christmas Eve we play board games and eat finger food, we each get to open one present of my parents’ choice , usually it is a blanket or something I can use for the night. In the morning I’m always woke up at 7 by my brother. Then we go to my grandpa’s house for brunch with my mom’s family. Then I go to my dad’s house to see my dad’s family and step mom’s family. For supper we always open Christmas Crackers and wear the crowns while we eat. For Easter my parents hide Easter eggs around the house so we can find them.