Historical Globalization in Ecuador

Before colonization Ecuador formed part of the Inca Empire. Ecuador was colonized in September of 1531, Spanish was Ecuador’s colonizing powers. After colonization Ecuador became independent in 1822 after the Spanish Royalist was defeated by Antonio Jose Surre in the Battle of Pinchincha. since Ecuador was colonized by the Spanish, 93% of the population speaks Spanish, because the Spanish are the ones who colonized this country.

The color of the flag links to the colonization because it is the same colors as Colombia’s and Venezuela’s flag, who were also colonized after the war in 1882. These three countries to make a confederation but they decide to part ways in 1830. Contains the three main colors of the banner of Gran Columbia, the South American republic.The flag had three horizontal bands, colored, yellow which represents sunshine, mineral weath and grain. Blue which represents the sky, sea and rivers. Also red which represents blood of patriots spilled in the stuggle for freedom and justice. In the center of Ecuador’s flag there is a coat of arms.The colors of the flags are yellow, blue and red, after these countries parted ways they kept the same flag. In Ecuador the type of government is a presidential¬† republic. In Ecuador 14 Indigenous are extinct yet there are still 7 groups of Indigenous group in the country. In Canada the population is 4% indigenous, which is a low percentage compared to the 7% of indigenous population in Ecuador. High poverty and income inequality mostly affect the Ingenious groups. There are special agreements and privileges given to the Indigenous, . In Ecuador there is three main regional languages: Andrean Spanish, Amazonic Spanish and equatorial Pacific Spanish, Even though the Spanish language has the majority of the population making it Ecuador’s official language, there are other languages spoken here for example Quecha 4.1%, Foreign languages 2.2% and indigenous languages at .7%. The three foreign languages that are most spoken here are Chinese and English. 10 languages in Ecuador are dying, one of these languages are Zapara. The main religion in Ecuador is Roman Cathlic which 74% of the population follow.¬† Ecuador is dependent on there petroleum resources, which has accounted for more ten half of the country’s export earnings. Other resources that are exported from Ecuador are bananas, cut flowers, shrimp, cocoa and coffee. I have learnt how much banana works get paid and it is a very low salary, has harsh working conditions where they are exposed to harmful chemicals and extreme heat. The sectors of business in Ecuador is agriculture (27.8%), industry (17.8%) and services (54.4%).

The historical globalization process isn’t very similar to any of the ones we have studied, except that in other countries the indigenous people are also treated as lower class then the majority of the population.


Languages of Ecuador

The official language of Ecuador is Spanish. In Ecuador there is three main regional Spanish languages, these are Andean Spanish, Amazonic Spanish and Equatorial Pacific Spanish. In Ecuador the most spoken foreign languages in Ecuador are Chinese and English. The ten most spoken languages in Ecuador besides Spanish is Achuar, Shiwiar, Awa- cuaiquer, Cofain, Shuar, Colorado, Cha’ Palaachi, Embera, Secoya, Siona, and media languages. There are 21 indigenous languages in Ecuador. There are two languages that have gone extinct, they are Andoa and Tetete. There are ten endangered languages in Ecuador including Zapara, Awapit and Sia Pedee. In Ecuador the are over 65,000 people who speak English. They are teaching some endangered languages in Ecuadorian school to help preserve the languages.